Noboru Mizushima, MD, PhD
Year elected: 2006
Current membership category: Foreign Associate
The University of Tokyo
Graduate School and Faculty of Medicine
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo 113-0033
Japan
Phone: 81-3-5689-3440
Facsimile: 81-3-3815-1490
Email: nmizu@m.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Biographical statement

Studies in my laboratory focus on autophagy, a dynamic degradation system within cells. Eukaryotes have two major protein degradation systems: one is the ubiquitin-proteasome system that accounts for the selective degradation of most short-lived proteins, and the other one is the lysosomal system. Autophagy is the primary means for the degradation of cytoplasmic constituents in the lysosome. We have dissected the autophagic process in mammalian cells and proposed a model in which autophagosome is generated by elongation of a small vesicle in a manner dependent on two ubiquitin-like proteins, Atg12 and LC3. We also study the physiological role of autophagy using an autophagy-indicator mouse model (GFP-LC3 mice) and autophagy gene-KO mice. We have shown that autophagy is upregulated following food withdrawal and during early neonatal starvation period in mice and proposed that increased intracellular generation of amino acids by autophagy is a physiologically important starvation response. Additionally, we showed that basal autophagy has a critical role in intracellular protein quality control under normal conditions, particularly in neurons, which is independent of the role of induced autophagy as an adaptation to starvation. We are now examining additional roles of autophagy in mammals and exploring molecular mechanism of autophagy regulation.

Institutional affiliations

Tokyo Medical and Dental University (Primary)

Specialties

Cell Biology

Positions held

Professor